University of La Verne College of Law; July 2013 – present; Visiting Professor of Law; I teach Evidence, Criminal Procedure, and Property. I serve on the Admissions Committee.

Phoenix School of Law; Aug. 2008 – Dec. 2012; Professor of Law; I regularly taught Evidence, Property I and II, and a Gambling and Gaming Law Seminar. I also taught Criminal Procedure, Business Associations, and seminars focusing on American Indian Tribal Law and Topics in Indian Law. I developed courses focusing on Election Law and Property Law and Race. I served as chair of the Curriculum Committee and the Retention, Promotion and Tenure Committee, and as a member of the International Studies Committee and the Faculty Appointments Committee. I served as the Associate Dean of Faculty Development and Research 2009-2011.

Stetson University College of Law; Visiting Professor of Law; 2007-08. I taught Property I and II, Evidence and Corporations.

New Mexico Highlands University; Vice President for Academic Affairs (Provost) and Graduate Studies; September 2005 – February 2007. I served as second-ranking official and academic executive officer of the University. I was a representative of the University Faculty and provided leadership in all academic matters, administered academic policies as adopted by the Board of Regents and the faculty, and assisted the President preparing budgets and making presentations to various legislative and administrative bodies. I also taught an undergraduate Business Law course.

St. Mary’s University; Professor of Law; 1998 – 2006. I regularly taught Evidence and Property and in the Criminal Justice Clinic. I also taught Business Associations, Trial Advocacy and Education Law. Additionally, I directed and taught in the Criminal Justice Clinic, one of three clinics housed in the Center for Legal and Social Justice. I served on various law school committees including the Academic Support Committee, Budget Committee and the Financial Aid Committee. I chaired each of these committees. I also served on the Advisory Board of THE SCHOLAR: ST. MARY’S LAW REVIEW ON MINORITY ISSUES. I served on the Faculty Senate and the University Budget Committee 2003-05.

Thurgood Marshall School of Law, Texas Southern University; Associate Professor of Law; 1989-98. I was tenured in 1995. I regularly taught Business Associations, Evidence, Constitutional Criminal Procedure and Property. I also taught a seminar in Sentencing Practice. I served on the Faculty Appointments Committee, chairing the committee in 1993-94, the Faculty Development Committee, chairing the committee from 1990-94 and in 1995-96, the Rank and Tenure Committee, the Academic Standards Committee and both the ABA and AALS Self-Study Committees. I also served on the Search Committee for the Dean of the law school in 1996.

University of New Mexico School of Law; Visiting Professor of Law; 1994-95. I taught Property, Advocacy, Environment and Culture, Legal Reasoning, Research and Writing, and Clinical courses.

American Indian Law Center, University of New Mexico School of Law; Professor, Pre-Law Institute; summers 2013, 2011, 2009, 2007, 1990 through 1992, and 1989, and Professor, Native American PLUS Program, summers 2010, 2012.

San Luis Valley Comprehensive Community Mental Health; Program Director, Community Corrections and Alcohol Programs; 1988-89.

University of Arizona College of Law; Instructor, Council on Legal Education Opportunity, Summer Institute; summer 1988.

University of New Mexico School of Law; Special Assistant to the Dean; 1985-87.

Adams State College; Associate Director, College Assistance Migrant Program; 1977-1981.


Yale Law School, LL.M., 1988. I received the Joseph W. Beatmen Fellowship.

University of New Mexico School of Law, J.D., 1985; Natural Resources Journal, Board of Editors, 1984- 85; Am. Jur., Business Associations.

Awards: Faculty Award, for outstanding contributions to the law school community; Professor Seed Award, presented to the student who contributed most significantly to the class of 1985; Margaret Keiper Dailey Award, Graduate and Professional Opportunities Program Fellowship, 1982-85; Outstanding Member, Mexican American Law Students Association, 1984-85.

Adams State College, M.A. Guidance and Counseling, 1976; B.A. Elementary Education, 1975.

Admitted to Practice

New Mexico, 1985 (inactive); Texas, 1996; Colorado, 2000 (inactive); United States Supreme Court, 1996.


Don’t Crimp the Pipe, or Dam the River, at the Law School Door, with BarbaraKaye Miller, Hermelinda L. Alvarez, Dr. Eric Romero (ST. JOHN’S J. C.R. & ECON. Dev. Vol. 27.1).

Moonboots and Skin Divers – Sentencing in Indian Country (accepted for publication, TRIBAL L. J. forthcoming).

Bringing Reason and History Onto the Same Page: Lobato v. Taylor and the Struggle Over the Common Lands of Spanish and Mexican Land Grants, 17 ST. THOMAS L. REV. 83 (2004).

Welcome and Introduction, Property and the Role of Land-Based Cultural Heritage – Global and National, 5 THE SCHOLAR: ST. MARY’S LAW REVIEW ON MINORITY ISSUES 181 (2003).

It Is Not So Simply Because an Expert Says It Is So: The Reliability of Gang Expert Testimony Regarding Membership in Criminal Street Gangs: Pushing the Limits of Rule 702, 34 ST. MARY’S L.J. 581 (2003).

The Texas Assessment of Academic Skills Exit Test – “Driver of Equity” or “Ticket to Nowhere”? with Amy Kastely, Michelle Holleman, (editors) and Al Kaufman, 2 THE SCHOLAR: ST. MARY’S LAW REVIEW ON MINORITY ISSUES 187 (2000).

The Bar-Passage Problem and a Three-Part Solution, with Amy Kastely, SAN ANTONIO LAW., Jan.- Feb. 2000 at 12.

The Struggle Against Unwarranted Uniformity: The Evolution of Federal Sentencing Departures Based on Extraordinary Circumstances – The Case of Low-Level Drug Offenders, 21 THURGOOD MARSHALL L. REV. 77 (1995).

The Dilemma of Difference: Race as a Sentencing Factor, 24 GOLDEN GATE U.L. REV. 357 (1994), anthologized in Timothy Davis, Kevin R. Johnson & George A. Martinez, A READER ON RACE, CIVIL RIGHTS AND AMERICAN LAW: A MULTICULTURAL APPROACH (Carolina Academic Press, 2001).

White People Think Differently, 16 THURGOOD MARSHALL L. REV. 543 (1991), symposium issue.

Comment, The History and Adjudication of the Common Lands of Spanish and Mexican Land Grants, 25 NAT. RESOURCES J. 1039 (1985), reprinted in 23 PUB. LAND AND RESOURCES L. DIG. 134 (1986).

Professional and Scholarly Organizations

Law School Admissions Council, Diversity Committee, Member, July 2011 – December 2012
American Association of Law Schools, Chair, Property Section, 2003-04
National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers
American Bar Association
San Antonio Criminal Defense Lawyers Association, 2000-05
Board of Advisors, CHICANOS AND THE LAW, Garland Press Publications, 1994-95.
Board of Advisors, Institute for Immigration and International Law, Texas Southern University
Advisor, El Concilio – Adobe de Oro
Sociedad Protección Mutua de Trabajadores Unidos

Selected Speeches/Addresses

Presenter, Race and Criminal Justice in the West, Gonzaga University School of Law, “Race in Punishment: Sentencing and Incarceration, September 23-24, 2011

Moderator/Panelist, “Surviving and Thriving in the Academy,” At the Intersection: Culture, Race & Class, Southeast/Southwest People of Color Conference, Phoenix, AZ, March 2009

Presenter, Minority Pre-Law Seminar, St, Mary’s University School of Law, San Antonio, TX, 2000- present

Presenter, First Generation Students – From Two-Year Degrees to Law School, Law School Admissions Council Annual Meeting and Educational Conference, May 31, 2008

Panelist, Contemporary Issues and Research Concerns for Land Grant Communities, Workshop on Community Research for New Mexico Land and Water Issues, New Mexico Highlands University, April 2007.

Panelist, “The War on Terror and Our Civil Liberties,” Community Relations Council of the Jewish Federation of San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, January 2005.

Moderator and Panelist, “Property and the Role of Land-Based Cultural Heritage – Global and National,” Annual Meeting of the American Association of Law Schools, Washington D.C., January 2003.

Panelist, “Celebrating Our Peacekeepers; Wordcraft Circle of Native Writers and Storytellers Core Gathering,” American Indian Resource Center Fall Festival, St. Mary’s University, September 28, 2001.

Panelist, “African-American Road to Justice: Have Things Changed? Black Allied Law Students Association,” St. Mary’s University School of Law, February 5, 1999.

Presentation, “Kids Who Act Like Kids Aren’t Criminals,” Hispanic Heritage Celebration, FBI San Antonio Division, October 17, 1997.

Panelist, “Understanding and Planning for the Immigration Consequences of Criminal Conduct,” San Antonio, Texas, November 1996.

Reflections, Thurgood Marshall School of Law, Texas Southern University, Hooding 1996.

Panelist, “Race and the Criminal Justice System,” University of Houston Law Center, April 1996.

Presentation, “Working Together, Recognizing Differences, Racial and Ethnic Diversity Among Legal Outsiders,” Plenary Session Panel, Southwestern People of Color Legal Scholarship Conference, Tucson, Arizona, April 24, 1990.

Address, “Indians Think Differently,” National Conference on Minority Bar Passage: Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Practice, Thurgood Marshall School of Law, Texas Southern University, Houston, Texas, October 19, 1990.

Address, “Discrimination in the Jury Selection Process; Raising the Proper Objections,” Human Rights Symposium: An Examination of the Death Penalty in the United States and South Africa, Thurgood Marshall School of Law, Texas Southern University, Houston, Texas, September 28-30, 1989.

Address, “Adjudication of Common Lands,” Tierra O Muerte? Conference on Protest and Culture in New Mexico Land Grant History, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, April 21, 1989.

Moderator and Participant, Panel Discussion, “Spanish and Mexican Land Grants: History, Adjudication, and Current Status: A Symposium on New Mexico Land and Water Issues, University of New Mexico School of Law, Albuquerque, New Mexico, April 20, 1989.

Special Appointments, Recognition and Awards

United States Marine Educator’s Training Workshop, summer 2012

Professor of the Year, Hispanic Law Students Association, Phoenix School of Law, 2011-12

Associate Justice, Pro Tem, Yavapai-Apache Nation Tribal Court, February 2013 – present

Appellate Judge, Southwest Intertribal Court of Appeals (SWITCA), 2010 to present

Fighting for Justice Award, University of New Mexico, Mexican American Law Student Association, April 2001; I was recognized for my commitment to the legal education of minority students and support of indigent and under-represented groups in the criminal justice system.

Professor of the Year, 1999-2000, St. Mary’s University School of Law. I was selected as Professor of the Year by one of the first-year sections.

Professor of the Year, 1989-90, 1992-93, 1993-94, Thurgood Marshall School of Law. I was selected as Professor of the Year from the law school and nominated for the McCleary Award, a university-wide honor that recognizes teaching excellence.

Professor of the Year, 1989-90, 1992-93, 1993-94, Student Bar Association, Thurgood Marshall School of Law.

Professor of the Year, 1995-96, third-year class, Thurgood Marshall School of Law.

Professor of the Year, 1989-90, 1990-91, 1992-93, 1993-94, Chicano Law Students Association, Thurgood Marshall School of Law.

Special Recognition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado; the award recognized my work as the founder and past director of the Summer Institute for the Health Sciences at the celebration of the program’s tenth anniversary, July 1989.

Award, Special Award from the Mexican American Law Students Association, Black Law Students Association, American Indian Law Students Association, and the Woman’s Law Caucus, University of New Mexico School of Law, May, 1986.

ABA/AALS Accreditation

Southwestern University School of Law, March 2008
Eugenio Maria de Hostos School of Law, October 2007
Whittier Law School, Whittier College, April 2006
David A. Clarke School of Law, University of the District of Columbia, November 2004
John Marshall School of Law (Atlanta), October 2002
Marshall-Wythe School of Law, College of William and Mary, November 2001